To be, and stay, eligible for unemployment insurance (UI) benefits the Employment Development Department (EDD), the agency that handles UI, needs to know that you are:
- Able to work (the subject of this Fact Sheet);
- Available for work;
- Actively searching for work;
- Accepting suitable work; and
- Reporting any income you earn.
Each of these requirements is discussed in detail in separate Fact Sheets. This Fact Sheet gives you general information about reporting to the EDD and discusses specifically what it means to be “able to work.”
The EDD gathers information on whether or not you continue to be eligible for benefits through a form called the Continued Claim Form, which you should receive in the mail every 2 weeks. If you are not receiving your Continued Claim Forms you should contact the EDD immediately and request that the forms be sent. You must complete and return a Continued Claim Form for each week you want your unemployment claim to be active. You will be paid UI benefits only for each week that you meet all the above requirements and send a completed Continued Claim Form to the EDD (on or before the deadline) to show that you are eligible.
The Continued Claim Form asks questions about your ability to work, your availability for work, your search for work and any income that you earn in the time period covered by the form. It also asks if you have begun attending any kind of school or training program, because school or training may affect your availability to work and your search for work. The back section of the form provides space to give details about your search for work. You are required to complete this section for the EDD only if the box asking you to do so on the front of the form has been marked “X” in black ink. Most people are not required to complete this section for the EDD each week.
The answers you give on the Continued Claim Form determine whether or not you qualify for any UI benefits each week. If you do not complete and return the Continued Claim Form every 2 weeks as required, the EDD will assume you are not eligible for any UI benefits and cancel your claim.
Generally speaking, being “able to work” means being physically and mentally capable of working in your “usual occupation.” Your usual occupation refers to the type of work in which you have the most recent skills and experience. Some unemployed workers are unemployed or unable to seek work in their usual occupation because of a temporary illness, injury or medical condition. In these situations, workers may be ineligible for UI benefits, depending on the impact of the specific illness, injury or medical condition. (Some illnesses or injuries may not actually prevent a worker from performing work, but simply require certain “accommodations,” for example, weight-lifting restrictions, special equipment, limits on the number of hours spent sitting, standing, or typing). If you can perform work with certain accommodations, you may still meet the requirement of being “able to work.” (For more information on “accommodations” and when employers are required to provide them, see our Fact Sheet Disabilities in the Workplace: Reasonable Accommodations on the Job.).
If your physical or emotional condition prevents you from working or searching for work for only a portion of a week, you may still be eligible for a pro-rated percentage of your weekly UI benefits, meaning that you may still be paid benefits for the day or days you were actually able to work. For example, if you are sick in bed for two out of seven days of a week, you should still receive the remaining five sevenths (5/7) of your weekly check. If, however, your illness or injury keeps you from working or searching for work for more than 8 days, you should consider filing a claim with the EDD for temporary state disability insurance (SDI) instead.
Generally, the EDD will first ask if you can work in a job similar to your last job. If you are no longer able to perform work in your usual occupation because of your current physical or emotional condition, you may still be eligible to receive UI benefits if you have skills or experience in another type of work that you can currently perform.
The EDD treats pregnancy-related medical conditions the same as any other medical condition. If your pregnancy prevents you from performing any work, it will also make you ineligible for UI benefits. If your pregnancy only requires temporary absences from a search for work or certain limitations on the type or timing of potential work, you will still be eligible for payment of UI benefits. As with other medical conditions, if your pregnancy keeps you from potentially working or searching for work for more than 8 days, you should consider filing a claim with the EDD for temporary state disability insurance (SDI) instead.
A disqualification because of an inability to work will last only as long as the illness, injury or medical condition that prevents you from working. For this reason, you may choose to handle the disqualification in either of two ways:
- If you believe you have been wrongfully disqualified, you may appeal the disqualification (see below for appeal information), or
- If you believe that you have been rightfully denied UI benefits (because you are, in fact, temporarily unable to perform work), you may ignore the disqualification notice and simply contact the EDD to “reopen” the claim as soon as you recover and become able to work again. Accepting the denial and reopening the claim later will definitely delay your benefits, but it may not affect the total amount of benefits you receive overall; the maximum amount of benefits is always the same (you can receive up to 26 weeks of benefits in one year).
If you intend to appeal the disqualification, you must send a written appeal to the EDD, stating that you disagree with the disqualifying decision. The “Notice of Determination” that EDD sends to tell you about the disqualification normally will include a form for filing the appeal. You must send this appeal form within 20 days of the notice of disqualification being mailed to you. There is a specific deadline for the appeal near the bottom of the notice from EDD. Any appeal sent after the 20-day deadline will be considered late. Late appeals will be allowed only if you can show you had “good cause” for being untimely. “Good cause” means things like hospitalization, accident, or family emergency. It can be very difficult to convince a judge that you had good cause for a delay, so it is very important to meet the deadline if possible.
For further information about your employment rights, contact the Workers’ Rights Clinic.
This Fact Sheet is intended to provide accurate, general information regarding legal rights relating to employment in California. Yet because laws and legal procedures are subject to frequent change and differing interpretations, the Legal Aid Society–Employment Law Center cannot ensure the information in this Fact Sheet is current nor be responsible for any use to which it is put. Do not rely on this information without consulting an attorney or the appropriate agency about your rights in your particular situation.